Sunday January 19, 2020

By Andrew Ward

Cannabis Cultivation Laws: State-by-State Marijuana Growing Guide Growing

Home cannabis cultivation is a hot topic across the country. As legal access to medical and recreational marijuana slowly spreads, citizens find themselves with more of an opportunity to grow their own pot. It can be tough to find all the state cannabis cultivation laws though, so we made this helpful guide for interested growers to quickly and easily reference the legal framework and regulations in their state.

Browse below to view the legal status of home growing cannabis in all 50 American states and the District of Columbia.

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Alabama

Alabama state law prohibits cannabis in the Yellowhammer State. As such, marijuana cultivation is illegal.

Adults aged 21 and older can grow up to six marijuana plants in Alaska. Used for either adult use or medical purposes, growers must keep in mind that only three mature and flowering plants are permitted at any given time.

Additionally, all plants must be grown out of public view and properly secured from unauthorized access.

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Arizona’s HB 2537 allows home cultivation for medical purposes if a registered patient lives more than 25 miles from their closest dispensary. State-approved patients can grow up to 12 plants, doing so in a protected, surrounded area.

Arkansas

State law prohibits home grows of any kind. Instead, patients are urged only to buy their products from state-approved dispensaries. 

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Adults 21 and over can grow their own cannabis in California. State law stipulates that each person can grow up to six plants for personal use, with only 6 plants are allowed per residence at a given time.

There are no growing caps for medical patients – registered patients are permitted to grow the amount of cannabis required for their medical treatment. However, individual counties are able to set further home cultivation restrictions. It is best to check with your local jurisdiction before starting a home grow.

Colorado citizens can grow up to six plants, with three allowed to mature and flower at any time. Caregivers can grow additional plants, as they can be assigned to up to five patients. They are permitted to cultivate up to 36 plants. Medical patients in Colorado are allowed to cultivate six plants as well, though they are also allowed to petition for, “greater amounts [when] medically necessary to address the patient's debilitating medical condition.”

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Connecticut

Despite the somewhat decriminalized status of cannabis in Connecticut, cultivation remains prohibited. Those caught can face fines for having less than half an ounce, and upwards of a year in jail and a $2,000 penalty for possessing more. 

Delaware

Although the First State does allow medical cannabis use for approved patients it does not allow patients to grow their own marijuana.

After much legal battling, Florida recently won the right to offer dry flower to its approved medical

Patients. While progress was made on that front, home cultivation is another story, where it remains prohibited in all forms.

Georgia

Like its neighbor to the south, Georgia does not allow home cultivation of any kind. 

The Aloha State became the most recent to approve medical reciprocity, where out of state medical cardholders can obtain medicine while in Hawaii.

The state also allows patients and certified caregivers to cultivate cannabis for their own use. Before growing, a person must register as a cultivator with the state. Once approved, they can produce up to 10 plants at a time.

Idaho

Idaho does not permit any forms of home cannabis cultivation. 

Illinois began adult-use cannabis sales on New Year's Day 2020. The issue of home growing played a central part in discussions. Ultimately, lawmakers agreed to allow medical patients to grow their own, with up to five plants per household regardless of the number of patients living there. 

Indiana

Home cannabis cultivation of any kind is prohibited under Indiana state law. 

Iowa

The Hawkeye state prohibits cultivating cannabis at home, even for registered medical marijuana patients.

Kansas

Kansas, too, bans all forms of home growing in the state.

Kentucky

The Bluegrass State is no fan of homemade green grass. State law does not allow for any home production of cannabis.

Louisiana

Medical marijuana came to Louisiana in August 2019. However, all its weed comes from two sources: Louisiana State University and Southern University. All other growers, home or otherwise, are prohibited.

Adults aged 21 and over can grow their own marijuana. Each home can contain up to six mature and 12 immature plants. The state differentiates between medical and adult-use home grows, but the limits for cultivation are the same.

The state allows approved medical patients to buy cannabis from state-authorized vendors. However, home cultivation is not permitted.

As a legal adult-use state, Massachusetts allows all adults 21 and over to grow up to six plants. If two adults live in one home, they can collectively produce 12 plants. 

Another state that has legalized adult use of cannabis, the Great Lakes State will enable adults to grow up to 12 plants at home. Caregivers can provide support for up to five patients. They can grow for their patients once the caregiver registers with the state. Once approved, they can grow up to 60 plants if taking care of five patients.

Medical patients can be permitted to cultivate if they are unable to access a medical dispensary due to financial hardship, physical incapability, or lives too far to access a dispensary reasonably. There is no set number of plants a medical patient can cultivate, but the grow is limited to “an amount needed to harvest a 60-day supply,” totaling 10 ounces.

Minnesota

Citizens in Minnesota cannot grow their own cannabis. They can legally obtain theirs through the medical marketplace once approved by the state, however.

Mississippi

Home cultivation is banned in all its forms in Mississippi. 

Missouri

Medical cannabis patients can grow up to six plants in an enclosed and secured space at their home. Home cultivators must pay an additional licensing fee to be approved. 

Home growing is permitted to medical patients, who can grow up to four mature plants or 12 seedlings at any time. Two adults living together can grow up to eight mature plants and eight seedlings. All grow efforts must be reported to the state Department of Public Health.

Nebraska

Cultivation is illegal in Nebraska, as the state lacks both recreational and adult-use cannabis laws. Establishment of a medical cannabis system has been proposed under LB110, though the measure does not allow for home grows.

Adult-use growing is allowed if a person lives 25 miles or more away from the closest dispensary. If so, an adult can grow up to six plants per person or 12 in one household. A property owner or landlord can prohibit growing on their site, while the state requires all activities occur in an enclosed, secure space.

Residents holding a medical cannabis card are prohibited from home cultivation if a dispensary opens in their county of residence. They are expected from this rule and can cultivate at home only if:

Home Cultivation Exceptions:

  • A dispensary is more than 25 miles from their residence
  • The cardholder is unable reasonably to travel to a medical marijuana dispensary
  • A strain or amount needed is not provided by a dispensary in their county
  • Or was already cultivating at home before July 1, 2013.

New Hampshire

HB 364 allows New Hampshire's patients and caregivers to grow up to three mature plants as well as three immature plants at any time. They are also permitted 12 seedlings as well. All of which must be stored in a secure location undetectable from the street or public view. 

The Garden State does not allow residents any type of cannabis gardening. As the state eyes legalizing adult-use, many medical patients are advocating for the right to grow their own medicine.

Since April 2007, medical patients and their caregivers have been allowed to cultivate up to 16 plants, with four allowed to be mature. 

Like its neighbor, New York does not allow its citizens to grow cannabis for any purpose.

North Carolina

Cultivation of any amount of cannabis is a felony offense in North Carolina

North Dakota

While it allows citizens to consume medical cannabis, North Dakota does not permit home growing of any kind.

Although the state does have a medical cannabis system, it remains illegal to grow in the state.

Approved medical patients can grow up to six mature plants and six seedlings. 

Since 2015, adults 21 and over have been allowed to grow up to four plants at home for their own personal use.

Medical caregivers can grow up to eight plants but are capped at six adult plants at any time. 

Home growing of all forms is prohibited in the state. 

Qualified medical patients or caregivers are permitted to grow up to 12 plants and 12 seedlings on their property in an indoor setting. 

South Carolina

The state bans home growing in all its forms.

South Dakota

Like North Dakota, home cultivation is banned under current laws.

Tennessee

The Volunteer State is no fan of home growing. It remains prohibited under current laws. 

The same can be said for Texas, where all types of home grows are restricted. 

Utah

Add Utah to the list of states that ban home growing for medical and adult use purposes. 

Breaking the string of prohibitions, Vermont residents are allowed to grow up to two mature plants at a time, with a max total of nine at any one time. 

Virginia

And back to bans. Home growing of any kind is prohibited in the state. 

Medical patients are allowed to grow up to six plants at home. This figure can be enhanced if a medical practitioner believes the patient necessitates it. In this case, a person can grow up to 15 plants at a time. Adult-use cultivation is still illegal.

Adults 21 years or older are allowed to cultivate and possess up to six plants at a time, with 3 being mature and 3 being seedlings. Home cultivation for medical purposes is not allowed in the nation’s capital.

West Virginia

The state does not allow home cultivation at this time. 

Wisconsin

Home growing of any kind is strictly illegal and not allowed.

Wyoming

The state does not allow citizens to grow cannabis at home for any purpose.


Be sure to stay up to date on the latest federal and state law changes to see if home growing laws change in your state.


Andrew Ward Andrew Ward

Andrew Ward is a Brooklyn-based cannabis writer and creative. His work has appeared on Benzinga, High Times, PROHBTD and several other publications and brand blogs. He has covered the cannabis space for over three years, and has written professionally since 2011. His first book, "Cannabis Jobs," was released in October 2019. Connect with Andrew on LinkedIn to stay up to date.



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