South Dakota made history in the 2020 election by becoming the first state to simultaneously legalize both medical and recreational marijuana.  The state passed Initiated Measure 26, or the Medical Marijuana Initiative, which legalized medical marijuana on its own, as well as South Dakota Constitutional Amendment A, the Marijuana Legalization Initiative, that not only legalized recreational cannabis, but also would have created a medical market as well if Measure 26 had failed. The new law will go into effect on July 1, 2021.

The passing of this historic legislation issues in the start of a long process, with quite a ways to go before establishing South Dakota’s marijuana market. Expect some time before cannabis is available for purchase at a dispensary.