In April of 2007, New Mexico legalized medical marijuana, becoming the 12th state in the United States to adopt such cannabis reform.

Under the Lynn and Erin Compassionate Use Act, qualifying patients are legally allowed safe access to medical cannabis. Patients who suffer from a state-approved debilitating conditions and have valid registry identification cards may possess up to 8 ounces of medical cannabis over a 90-day period. Additionally, patients who successfully apply for a Personal Production License (PPL) may cultivate up to 4 mature plants and 12 immature seedlings at any given time. While the state decriminalized cannabis in July of 2019, and has high hopes for legalization in 2021, cannabis is currently not legal in New Mexico.