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New Mexico legalized recreational cannabis on April 12, 2021, with the passing of House Bill 2 to enact the Cannabis Regulation Act. The law allows adults 21 and older to possess, purchase, consume and cultivate cannabis. Previously, in April of 2007, New Mexico legalized medical marijuana in 2007 under the Lynn and Erin Compassionate Use Act.

Cannabis reform was a long journey in the Land of Enchantment. 2021’s successful legalization comes after numerous failed attempts, and marked a major turning point for cannabis reform in the state, and the greater Southwest beyond. Adult-use sales began April 1, 2022. Additionally, medical dispensaries are open to qualified patients and visitors from out of state with a valid medical card.