Marijuana for medicinal use became legal in Utah in 2018, when voters approved Proposition 2 to pass The Utah Medical Cannabis Act (HB3001). State lawmakers made immediate changes to the rules that voters approved, passing an amended version of HB3001.

The amendments to the bill limited the forms of available marijuana (specifically removing most edible forms and dried flower for combustion), reduced the number of dispensary licenses allowed, and banned home cultivation. This move overrode the voter-approved regulations, and was signed into law by Governor Gary Herbert, taking effect immediately. Numerous changes have been implemented in the time since, with more likely on the way as Utah refines its medical cannabis system. Recreational cannabis is currently illegal in Utah, and carries potentially heavy fines and jail time if caught possessing