Vermont made history in 2018 by becoming the first US state to legalize cannabis for adult use through an act of legislature rather than being put to a vote. This path was necessary as the state lacks a public initiative process.

As of July 1, 2018 the legislation allows for adults 21 years of age and older to consume, possess and cultivate recreational cannabis – though the state did not establish a system of sales and taxation. Medical cannabis dispensaries have been operation in Vermont since 2004. Vermont does not offer reciprocity to any other state medical cannabis programs at this time.