Vermont made history in 2018 by becoming the first US state to legalize cannabis for adult use through an act of legislature rather than being put to a vote. This path was necessary as the state lacks a public initiative process.

As of July 1, 2018 the legislation allows for adults 21 years of age and older to consume, possess and cultivate recreational cannabis. The state did not establish a system of sales and taxation upon legalization. However, Vermont hopes to approve such measures in the 2020 legislative session, as both the state house and senate have both pushed legislation establishing sales, and are currently working to create a combined proposal for the Governor. Medical cannabis dispensaries have been operation in Vermont since 2004. Vermont does not offer reciprocity to any other state medical cannabis programs at this time.