Vermont made history in 2018 by becoming the first US state to legalize cannabis for adult use through an act of legislature rather than being put to a vote. This path was necessary as the state lacks a public initiative process.

As of July 1, 2018 the legislation allows for adults 21 years of age and older to consume, possess and cultivate recreational cannabis. In October of 2020, state legislature passed S.54, An Act Relating to the Regulation of Cannabis, creating a retail cannabis market in the state. Recreational dispensaries are expected to open in October, 2022.

Medical cannabis dispensaries have been operation in Vermont since 2004. Vermont does not offer reciprocity to any other state medical cannabis programs at this time.