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Updated on Thursday January 6, 2022

To ensure a fully functional cannabis industry, lawmakers in Newfoundland and Labrador passed the Control and Sale of Cannabis Act. In combination with federal laws set in place by The Cannabis Act, this legislation serves as the framework for Newfoundland and Labrador’s cannabis industry and encourages safety and responsibility across the board.

Age Limit

The legal age limit for the purchase, possession, consumption and cultivation of non-medical cannabis in Newfoundland and Labrador is set at 19 years old. Additionally, any adult looking to engage in activities surrounding non-medical cannabis must have proof of ID. It is strictly illegal for anyone under 19 years of age to engage in any cannabis-related activity.


Adults 19 years of age or older are legally allowed to possess up to 30 grams of cannabis in a public place in Newfoundland and Labrador.


Non-medical cannabis is only legally available for purchase within licensed cannabis retailers (LCRs) regulated by the Newfoundland and Liquor Corporation (NLC) or through the CannabisNL online website.

Adults of age may purchase up to 30 grams of dried cannabis or its equivalent in other cannabis products.


Newfoundland and Labrador allows cannabis consumption within a private home or yard attached to a private home. Cannabis consumption is prohibited in public places, motor vehicles or any other place that alcohol consumption is banned.

Although public consumption is deemed as illegal, a special section in the Control and Sale of Cannabis Act grants the Lieutenant-Governor in Council the ability to draft regulations to allow cannabis consumption at a public location or social lounge. This might be an interesting option to explore as legalization progresses in the province.

Medical Cannabis

The legalization of recreational cannabis has no impact on the already established medical program in Canada. For more information on medical cannabis in Canada, please contact Health Canada.

Transporting Cannabis

Adults of age are legally allowed to transport up to 30 grams of cannabis within Newfoundland and Labrador. The cannabis must be stored in the original container (seal unbroken) and inaccessible to the driver and passengers within the vehicle.

Driving Under the Influence

Driving under the influence of cannabis is strictly prohibited in Newfoundland and Labrador. Any driver found guilty of operating a motor vehicle under the influence of cannabis could face harsh penalties such as license suspension, fines, impounding of vehicle or even jail time.

Cannabis in the Workplace

The consumption of cannabis within the workplace is strictly prohibited in Newfoundland and Labrador. Adults of Newfoundland and Labrador must work with the safety of other in the workplace.


Adults of age are legally allowed to cultivate up to four cannabis plants per household. That means if there is more than one adult in the house, there can still only be a maximum of four cannabis plants within the residence. Cannabis must be grown indoors, or within a secured building near the home such as a shed or garage, for example.