The Cannabis Act implements the legal framework for the nation’s soon-to-emerge cannabis industry, with strict laws and regulations in place for the production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis products in Canada. In doing so, Canada has outlined three major focuses for legalization: preventing marijuana from negatively impacting the youth, fighting to end black market operations, and protecting public health and safety through legal access to the plant.
The Federal Government was responsible for creating industry-wide rules and standards, while provincial and territorial governments were tasked with forming and implementing enforcement framework to manage the sale and distribution of cannabis within their respective regions. Provincial and territorial governments were also allowed to modify certain aspects of the federal law and add safety measures as they see fit. Because of this, cannabis laws vary slightly between provinces and territories across the country.
Since the laws vary slightly in every province or territory, it’s always a good idea to make sure you do your research before traveling to different regions and using cannabis.