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Montana legalized cannabis with the passing of I-190. Recreational sales are permitted as of January 1, 2022. Medical marijuana dispensaries are open as well. Patients can purchase up to their state limit of one ounce of cannabis flower or its equivalent in edibles or concentrates. For more information on Montana cannabis laws, click here.


Is marijuana legal in Montana?

Both recreational and medical marijuana are legal in Montana. The state legalized recreational cannabis with the passing of I-190 in the November 2020 election. Medical marijuana is legal for qualified patients with a state-approved medical marijuana card as well. Recreational sales began on January 1, 2022.

How long is my medical cannabis ID valid?

Cards are typically valid for one year, though a physician can specify shorter time periods. Once issued, cardholders must have their card and photo ID on their person at all times.

Can minors enroll in the program?

Yes, parents or guardians can apply for the minor by completing the minor card application or being approved as a Marijuana Infused Products Provider (MIPP). From there, they must receive the standard physician approval that is signed by two doctors.

Can nonresidents enroll in the program?

No, Montana state law (pdf) allows for only legal residents to participate.

Where can I buy marijuana in Montana?

Recreational cannabis is available at licensed dispensaries as of January 1, 2022. Registered medical marijuana patients may purchase cannabis dispensaries that have been licensed by the state as well. Registered cardholders may shop at any medical dispensary in the state, regardless of whether or not they cultivate their own cannabis. Where to Buy

Where can I consume medical marijuana in Montana?

Cannabis must be consumed on private property out of public view. To be specific, the state bans consumption at the following locations:

  • Healthcare facilities
  • School or post-secondary schools
  • Any property owned or leased by a school or post-secondary school
  • School bus or public transit
  • Public parks, beaches and rec/youth centers
  • Places of worship
  • The open public
  • Any location where children's health could be affected

Can I grow my own marijuana in Montana?

Yes. Adult residents of Montana 21 and older to grow no more than two marijuana plants and two seedlings for personal use in their residence, as long as the plants are within an enclosed area with a lock and beyond public view.

Medical marijuana patients can also grow their own cannabis, and are allowed up to four mature plants and four seedlings. No more than double the amount of allowable plants may be cultivated in a single residence (four mature plants and four seedlings for recreational cannabis, or eight mature plants and eight seedlings for medical cannabis). Any amounts of cannabis produced from the plants over one ounce must be stored in a locked location away from public view.

If I decide to grow my own medicinal cannabis, will my name be given to law enforcement?

No, however, law enforcement can call the state department to verify a cardholder’s status. Additionally, home cultivators are required to inform the department of the location of the grow.

Can I get fired for medical marijuana consumption?

Yes, state law allows for employers to discipline employees if medicinal marijuana impairs job-related performances.

I'm from out of state, will Montana honor my medical card?

Yes, with restrictions. Montana offers reciprocity to out-of-state cardholders for possession and consumption. However, out-of-state cardholders are not permitted to shop at Montana dispensaries.